The First American To Drill For Oil


Edwin Drake was the first American to drill for oil. Drake struck oil in 1859 in Titusville, Pennsylvania, United States of America. Drake pioneered methods still used in the modern day such as using a guide pipe which is 12” in diameter to shield the drilling rig from the well collapsing as well as the use of barrels to store oil. Drake pioneered the method of using barrels because he had nothing else other than old whiskey barrels to store the oil he had acquired once it came pouring out of the ground

Chinese New Year


The Cantonese phrase “gong hei fat choy” which is said during the Chinese Lunar New Year does not translate to “Happy New Year” in English, rather it translates to “wishing you to be prosperous in the coming year” and is in reference primarily to finance as this is viewed as one of the most, if not the most important consideration when starting a new year in the Chinese culture

Vladimir Putin’s Rigged Democracy


Boris Yeltsin, a progressive politician and the father of modern Russian democracy, resigned and abdicated his presidency to prime minister Vladimir Putin in 1999. Putin speaks fluent German and understands English. During late 2011, over 100,000 Russian citizens showed up in protest of Putin’s administration. This protest was the largest demonstration since the Democratic Revolution in August of 1991. Social media played a large role in this revolt by providing evidence of fraud via smartphone video. Evidence included ballot stuffing which involved ballet boxes being stuffed before the polls opened, ballets hidden in the bathrooms of the polling station, campaign officials filling out ballot forms fraudulently, and erasable ink being provided to voters so that campaign officials could erase and rewrite the submitted vote in favor of Putin. Were it not for compact smartphone video cameras and social media which allowed for the instantaneous uploading of captured footage, the chance of this information ever becoming public was slim at best as all evidence gathered was collected spontaneously before campaign officials had a chance to react and prevent further inquiry

Neglected Orphan Child Psychology


Children who were never held as infants develop ways to self soothe which commonly includes rocking back and forth during adolescence, as has been documented in Romanian orphanages during the 1990’s. During the 1990’s, Romanian orphanages had upwards of 500 children housed together with very little staff available to care for each child on a one to one basis. These children habitually rocked back and forth, sometimes simultaneously in an attempt to ease their anxieties, fears, and all other negative emotions

Modernity in Turkey


Turkey was set up and designed to be a liberal state, a moderate force within the Islamic world, and because of this, traditional Turkish values were kept out of politics for centuries. Turkey is a nation caught between the secular west and Islamic east and because of this, it has changed considerably over the past few decades with its once fairly liberal government now discouraging alcohol and other various western ideals, driving the industries which once existed in Turkey like vineyards and breweries, to dwindle into obscurity because of the cultural shift. Turkey’s once secular government has now become largely ruled by a religious Islamic majority causing Turks to worry that they will soon join the ranks of other Islamic countries which are ruled by fear and religious ideology