The people of Gaul which is modern day France, part of Belgium, western Germany, and northern Italy, discovered that various foods could be improved by aging them using a process referred to as “saisonner” which means “passing of the seasons” in German. After being conquered by the Normans in 1066, the British adopted this new aging process and referred to it as “seasoning”. With the introduction of Middle Eastern spices brought by returning Crusaders during the 13th century, seasoning took on the meaning of “anything which embellishes the taste of food”

Dung Beetle Celestial Navigation


Dung beetles use the Milky Way Galaxy to navigate. The dung beetle’s eyes are much too small and imprecise to see individual stars, however they are accurate enough to see the presence of the stars within the Milky Way Galaxy itself. Dung beetles have a particularly difficult time navigating in a straight line on cloudy or obstructed nights which is what initially lead scientists to the discovery of the dung beetle’s navigation methods. This find was the first time an animal or insect was discovered to navigate using primitive astronomy techniques

Invention of the Telescope


Hans Lippershey was a Dutch/German tradesperson who fashioned eye glasses for a living. Lippershey created and designed the first telescope, and then patented it in 1608. The first telescopes could only magnify objects 3x closer than the naked eye. The telescope turned out to be one of the most important inventions of the 15th century because Galileo Galilei built upon the original design to create the field of astronomy which lead to groundbreaking new discoveries about the solar system and Earths place within the cosmos

Police Informants


Most informants for law enforcement are people who have been caught doing something illegal (e.g. dealing illicit drugs) and want to avoid a criminal record and/or time spent in prison. These people cooperate with law enforcement and typically get themselves deeply indebted. Informants reside in places they normally wouldn’t spend time in and consume illicit drugs which they normally wouldn’t ingest to make connections and meet their quota for the amount of arrests and raids law enforcement requires of them. Informants are typically vulnerable people who are taken advantage of because they know they have little or no option otherwise. This exploitation by law enforcement is strikingly similar to how a criminal takes advantage of a prostitute. Neither law enforcement nor the criminal care about the person being exploited, they only want what they need and if this need is not met, they hang these exploited persons out to dry. It is not unusual for police to press the initial charges that the person working with them was trying to evade to begin with when their demands are not met which is similar in tactic to how a criminal at best beats and at worst kills the prostitute working for them

The Statue of Liberty


The Statue of Liberty was assembled and shipped from France as a gift to the United States of America. Construction started in July 1884 but parts did not arrive to the U.S. until June of 1885. The Statue of Liberty arrived in pieces and had to be constructed on Bedloe’s Island, United States of America which was renamed “Liberty Island” in 1956. Joseph Pulitzer, who owned the New York Times during this period announced that anybody who donated a penny or more to the project would have their name printed in the next issue of the New York Times. Thousands of people started donating to see their name listed in Pulitzer’s paper. The donations went towards the building of the base which the statue stands upon. The base was built by U.S. workers unlike the rest of the statue which was constructed by the French. One of the main engineers of the project was Gustof Eiffel, the same person who designed and built the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France. The 7 spikes on the statue’s crown represent the 7 seas and the 7 continents