The Discovery of Elements, the Alchemist View of Gold Throughout History, the Reason Gold Production Was Desirable to Alchemists, the View of Gold Within Ancient Egypt and the Incan Empire, the First Person to Discover an Element, German Alchemist Hennig Brand Believing Urine to be an Analog of Gold, the View of Human Beings and the Universe During the Period, How Brand Attempted to Synthesize Gold Via Urine, Brand Discovering Phosphorous, the Reactivity of Phosphorous, the Name Brand Chose for Phosphorous, the Irony of Phosphorous Being Both Discovered and Used as a Incendiary Weapon in Hamburg, Germany, Brand Selling His Discovery for a Low Value, Irish Natural Philosopher Robert Boyle Performing Alchemy for the Joy of Discovery and Sharing His Findings With Alchemists, the Formation of the Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, the Book Published by Boyle, the First Published Chemistry Book, Boyle Seeking to Replace Alchemy With Chemistry, German Physician Johann Becher’s Theory of the Creation of Fire, the Concept of “Phlogiston”, Becher Theorizing That All Things are Comprised of Burnt Remains, French Natural Philosopher Henry Cavendish’s Reputation Among the Wealthy and the Educated During the 18th Century, the Personality of Cavendish, Cavendish Spending the Majority of His Time Alone, Cavendish Struggling Immensely With Social Interaction, Cavendish Possibly Being Autistic, Cavendish’s Experiment and Discovery of “Inflammable Air”, the True Discovery Made by Cavendish, Cavendish Calculating the Atomic Weight Contrast Between Hydrogen and Oxygen, Cavendish Disproving the Ancient Greek Belief of Water Being an Element, the Reason Cavendish’s Discovery Did Not Change the Foundation of Science, Cavendish’s Erroneous Theory of Inflammable Air, the 3 Known Rules of Air (Gasses) During the 18th Century, English Philosopher Joseph Priestley Studying the Gasses Produced During the Fermentation Process of Alcohol, Priestly’s Replacement Term for “Fixed Air”, Carbon Dioxide vs Oxygen Density, the First Person to Create a Carbonated Beverage, Priestly Tutoring Wealthy Children, Priestly Unable to Generate Income From His Discoveries, the First Professional Chemist, Priestly’s Experiment and Discovery of “Dephlogisticated Air” (Oxygen), Priestly Examining This Discovery With Laboratory Rodents, the Result of Priestly’s Laboratory Rodent Experiment, the 3rd Most Abundant Element Within the Universe, the Effect of Chilling Oxygen to -183 Degrees Celsius, the Industry Which Consumes the Majority of Commercially Produced Oxygen, Priestly Traveling to France to Meet With Likeminded Scientists, the Person With the Best Laboratory in Europe During the Period, French Chemist Antoine Lavoisier’s Experiment to Provide a Counter Theory for Phlogiston, Lavoisier Performing Priestly’s Mercury Experiment in Reverse, the Results of Lavoisier’s Experiment, Lavoisier Discovering Oxygen, Lavoisier Definitively Disproving Phlogiston, the Implications of Lavoisier Disproving Phlogiston, Priestly’s Reaction to Lavoisier’s Discovery, Lavoisier’s Response to Priestly’s Reaction, the Father of Modern Chemistry, the First Person to Define an Element, Erroneous Aspects Within Lavoisier’s Organization of the Elements, the Importance of the Idea of the Periodic Table, Lavoisier Replacing Antiquated Scientific Terms With New Terminology, Lavoisier Helping to Dispel Alchemy, the Creation of the First Continuous Electrical Current, British Chemist Humphry Davy’s Theory of Electrical Current and Chemical Reactions Working in Parallel, Davy Heating Potash and Creating a Volatile Reaction, Davy’s Reaction to Discovering the Reaction of Heated Potash, the Physical Properties of Potassium, the Result of Potassium and Water Interacting, Potassium Found Abundantly Within Saltwater, Davy Discovering 6 New Elements, the Death of Davy, and the Number of Elements Discovered by the Mid 19th Century

It’s only been 200 year since the discovery of the element which is a substance which cannot be broken down into a simpler one via chemical reaction. Alchemists throughout history believed that gold had spiritual, magical, and medical properties which is why it was so sought after. Gold was the color of the sun and was reserved for those in very high positions of power, making it a target which everybody wanted to learn to make from scratch. In ancient Egypt, gold was thought to be the skin of t...

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