The Life, Struggles, and Successes of Dutch Painter Johannes Vermeer: The Reason Vermeer Had a Small Collective of Clients, Vermeer’s Work Going Unappreciated During the 17th Century, the Only Known Stolen Vermeer Painting in Existence, the Possibility of Vermeer Inserting Self-Portraits into Works, the Reason the Majority of Vermeer’s Life is Relatively Unknown, the Career Path of Vermeer’s Grandparents, the Temperament of Dutch Entrepreneur Reynier Janszoon Vermeer (Vermeer’s Father), the Reason it is Understood That Belgian Home Maker Digna Baltens (Vermeer’s Mother) Was Illiterate, the Birth Place and Initial Religion of Vermeer, the Reason Artwork Became Popular Within Holland During the 17th Century, the Number of Paintings Created to Fulfil This Demand, the Reason Holland Acted as a Nursery for Artists During the Period, the Reason Art Was Inexpensive Within Holland During the Period, the Development of Guilds to Standardize the Dutch Art Industry, the Time Investment Required by Dutch Artists Prior to Selling Artwork, the 3 Categories of Dutch Artwork During the Period, the Reason the Dutch Clean the Home With Great Attention to Detail, the Reason the Broom Became Symbolic of the Dutch, the Dutch City With the Cleanest Reputation During the Period, the Reason Europeans Viewed Dutch Artwork as Uncultured, the View of Dutch Artwork by Aristocrats During the Period, the Reason the Dutch Were Better Educated Than the Rest of Europe, Literacy Helping to Propel the Dutch into Becoming a European Power, European Writers Migrating to Holland to Print Works, the Birth Place of Dutch Philosopher Baruch Spinoza, Baruch Ostracized by the Jewish Religious Community as a Heretic, the Career Path of Spinoza, the Whole of Europe Confounded by the Economic Rise of the Dutch Provinces, European States Becoming Jealous of Dutch Freedom, the Primary Location Vermeer Resided as a Child, the Reason Vermeer’s Artwork of Fabric and Carpet is Hyperrealistic, the Reason Reynier Janszoon Vermeer Became an Entrepreneur, the Shifting Name of Reynier Janszoon Vermeer, the Possibility of Vermeer Being Apprenticed by Dutch Masters, the Art Style of Dutch Artist Leonaert Bramer, Bramer Helping Vermeer to Become Married, the Possibility of Dutch Artist Evert van Aelst Apprenticing Vermeer, the Possibility of Dutch Artist Gerard Ter Borch Apprenticing Vermeer, the Possibility of Dutch Artist Carel Fabritius Apprenticing Vermeer, the Possibility of Dutch Artist Abraham Bloemaert Apprenticing Vermeer, the Chaotic Marriage of Vermeer, the Reason Vermeer Appeared Ill Matched to Marry Dutch Home Maker Catharina Bolnes, the Career Benefit This Marriage Afforded to Vermeer, the Divorce of Dutch Aristocrat Maria Thins (Vermeer’s Mother in Law), the Estate and Finance Awarded to Thins Post Divorce, the Reason Vermeer’s Early Artwork was Mythological, the Number of Mythological Vermeer Paintings in Existence During the Modern Day, the Ambiguity of the Location These Works Were Painted, the Death of Vermeer’s Child, Vermeer’s First Artistic Work, the Change Vermeer Made When Recreating Italian Artist Felice Ficherelli’s Saint Praxedis Work, Dispute During the Modern Day as to Whether Vermeer Painted This Work, Vermeer Refusing to Paint Nudity Except Upon One Occasion, the Only Nude Work Vermeer Created, the Person Originally Believed to Have Created the Diana and her Nymphs Work, the Number of Children of Vermeer Who Survived Into Adulthood, Vermeer Being Elected Head of the Guild of Saint Luke, the Method Vermeer Used to Decrease Chaos Within His Works, the Reason This is Understood During the Modern Day, Vermeer Continually Refining His Works to Remove Objects and Individuals Without Symbolic Meaning, the Use of Italian Iconographer Cesare Ripa’s Iconologia Publication, Vermeer Refusing to Adhere to Ripa’s Iconologia Publication, the Statement of French King Louis XIV After Coronation, Louis XIV Condemning Jansenist Doctrine, France Becoming Austere for Dissident Religions and Non-Conformist Opinions During the Period, the Ambiguity of Why Vermeer Painted Few Works, Modern Day Analysis Confirming That Vermeer Understood Complex Color Blends, the Primary Client of Vermeer, Vermeer Introducing Musical Instruments Into His Works, the Only Vermeer Works Which Depict a Person by Themselves, the Person Depicted Within Vermeer’s The Astronomer and The Geographer Works, the Shared Themes of The Astronomer and The Geographer Works, Italian Polymath Leonardo da Vinci’s View of Creating Artwork, the Only Vermeer Work Which Depicts Children, the Difficulty of Creating Oil Paints During the Period, the Technology of the Period Limiting an Artists Ability to Paint in Specific Locations, How Exterior Scenes Were Painted During the Period, the Primary Colors of Vermeer’s Palette, Vermeer Using Color to Layer Shades and Create Shadows Within Works, the Possibility of Vermeer Using a Camera Obscura, the Period When the Camera Obscura Became Available for Dutch Artists, the Benefit of Using a Camera Obscura for Artists, the Reason it is Understood That Vermeer Used a Camera Obscura, the Benefit Vermeer Extracted by Using a Camera Obscura, the Argument in Favor of Vermeer Using the Camera Obscura, How Artists Traditionally Created a Vanishing Point Within Works, the Reason Louis XIV Believed Spanish Queen Maria Theresa Should Rightfully Inherit Part of the Spanish Netherlands, Louis XIV Launching the War of the Spanish Succession, the Reason Louis XIV Began Subjugating the Dutch, the Cause of Vermeer’s Death, Vermeer’s Financial Difficulties During the 1670’s, the Death of Digna, Dutch Home Maker Geertruy Vermeer (Vermeer’s Sister), Bramer, and Dutch Artist Pieter van Ruijven, the Dutch Concept of the “Rampjaar”, Louis XIV Declaring War Upon the United Dutch Provinces, the Outcome of This Conflict, the French Military Looting and Terrorizing the Dutch, the Dutch Response to This Conquest, Louis XIV Demanding His Negotiators Acquire Greater Dutch Assets and the Reason for This, the Dutch Response to French Occupation, the Result of This Strategy, the Reason the Dutch Public Was Split in its Support During the Conflict, the Death of Dutch Statesperson Johan de Witt and Dutch Politician Cornelis de Witt, the Reason Vermeer’s Family Experienced Severe Financial Depression During This Period, the Inability of Vermeer to Sell Artwork During This Period, the Adolescent Age of the Majority of Vermeer’s Children During This Period, Vermeer Borrowing Capital to Sustain His Family, the Dutch View of Debt and Feeding Children, the Death of Vermeer, Bolnes Appealing to the Supreme Court of Holland and Zealand to Seek Debt Amnesty, the Cause of Vermeer’s Death, the Reason Bolnes is Burried Apart From Vermeer, the Majority of Vermeer’s Works Sold in 1696, the Person Who Purchased Many of These Works, Vermeer Becoming Unknown Post Mortem, the Reason Vermeer Became Known During the 19th Century, the Arrest and Sentencing of French Journalist Theophile Thore, the Reason Thore Changed His First and Last Name, Thore Erroneously Displaying Works Believed to be Created by Vermeer, Dutch Artist Han van Meegeren Selling Art Forgeries During World War II, the Reason Meegeren Confessed to Forgery, How Meegeren Proved His Forgery Abilities, the Total Value Generated by Meegeren’s Forgeries, and the Reason the Dutch Public Supported Meegeren

The Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer painted few canvasses which is why he had such a small collective of clients. Vermeer’s style of painting was not appreciated during the 17th century which occurred shortly after his death in 1675, he was not listed within the catalog of Dutch painters most used by historians, and he was the victim of theft by unscrupulous art dealers who painted over his signature with other more prominent names like Pieter de Hooch, Gabriël Metsu, and Rembrandt Harmenszoon va...

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