Clovis Point

Clovis-Point

The Clovis Point which is named after the site at which it was first discovered in New Mexico, United States of America, is the most well recognized and most frequently found spearhead left behind by early Homo sapiens. Clovis Points are found throughout North America which definitively demonstrates the existence of trade as far back as 10,000 years ago. The Clovis Point spear tip is a symmetrical fluted shape with sharp edged profiles on both sides. Flint rock was often used as it was easily acquired and readily shaped, but Chert was the most common rock used. Chert was used because it breaks with a razor sharp edge if struck properly with a piece of bone or rock

Roman Apothegm

SPQR

The acronym “SPQR” is an initialism of the Latin phrase, “Senatus Populusque Romanus” which means “The Roman Senate and People”. Latin was the primary language spoken by the ancient Romans, alongside many other lesser spoken languages as the Roman empire was a vast and diverse nation state with tolerance for culture, language, and religion. Today SPQR is still used as the official emblem of the modern day commune/municipality of Rome

Space Archeologist

space-archeology

The term “space archeologist” is used to describe “archeologists who use National Aeronautics and Space Administration satellites to discover artifacts hidden below the surface level of the Earth”. Measuring a chemical signature seen only with satellite imagery in a process referred to as “chemical spectrography”, this new and innovative method of archaeological surveying measures off gassing from the ground (which is invisible to the naked eye) by harnessing light from the infrared light spectrum. Subtle differences in chlorophyll indicate changes in vegetation health as plants growing on top of ancient relics are less healthy than their counterparts near by. This allows space archeologists to create maps of what’s below the Earth (e.g. pyramids and amphitheaters)

Ancient Roman River of Memory Loss

Limia-river

The Limia river in Galicia, Spain which is in the Ourense province was claimed to be cursed by the ancient Celt’s and crossing this river was believed to cause the loss of one’s memory. In the year 135 BC, the Roman forces led by General Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus reached the banks of the river Lethes, or as it is referred to in Spain, the river “Limia”, and proceeded no further with their invasion of Spain because the soldiers were afraid of losing their memories. A Roman military leader named Brutus Callaicus, single handedly dismantled this myth by crossing to the other side and then listing the names of all his soldiers one by one

Ancient Egyptian Scarab Beetles

Egyptian-scarab-beetle

The scarab beetle was among the most popular of all ancient Egyptian jewelry pieces as the beetle represented the God “Khepri”. Khepri was the God of creation and rebirth and controlled the movement of the Sun. There are 30,000 different depictions of scarab which account for approximately 10% of all known beetle species. Beetles feed upon the undigested nutrients left behind within the excrement of larger animals, almost always mammals. Beetles then lay their eggs within the ball of dung and soon after die. The eggs hatch from within the inner dung, set foot into the world, and end up pushing the very ball of dung which they were born in. Ancient Egyptians viewed this as the beetle having eternal life and therefore placed incredible importance upon it

Chinese Wu Dynasty

Wu-Zetian

The Wu Dynasty ruled by emperor Wu Zetian was the only female to ever rule China in her own right. She was made a concubine because of her renowned beauty and slept with both the emperor Taizong and his son Gaozong after emperor Taizong’s death which was considered incest during this period. Wu clawed her way to the top of China’s political ladder, challenging the male dominated patriarchy of the Chinese government and the traditional Confucianism teachings by introducing Buddhism. After Wu died, her daughter and China’s prime minister were murdered to bring back Confucianism. Many scholars and historians have attributed Wu to the downfall of the Wu Dynasty, vilifying her by referring to her as sex crazed with many lovers and a person who was guilty of murdering her own child. In reality, it is true Wu was crueler than any male leader before or after her. 1200 years would pass before another female leader would emerge; emperous Ching Shih (pronounced “See-shi”) in the 19th century

The Great Wall of China

Great-Wall-of-China

When the craftspeople who built the Great Wall of China died during construction, their bodies were cremated and ground into a powder so that they could be mixed into the mortar of the bricks. The Chinese sometimes refer to the Great Wall of China as the “Wall of Tears” because of this. Over 400,000 people died during the construction process. Rice was added to the mortar which was placed in between each brick as it helped to bind each brick together so tightly that weeds could not grow through, but was also waterproof and resistant to earthquakes due to the flexibility it provided to the mortar