The Sale of Meat In New York City, United States of America During the 19th Century

19th-century-butcher

Butchers in the 19th century often turned rotting meat into sausage so that the meat it was made up of was unidentifiable and palatable. Butchers added the chemical compound Borax which is sodium borate to cover up the scent of the meat because the boracic acid would kill any bacteria present upon the meat. It was later discovered that Borax is ideal for keeping wounds clean, killing cockroaches, and cleaning floors, which provides a clear frame of reference in terms of its potential safety hazards when consumed. The meat would still smell and taste bad and would cause those who consumed it to become sick but despite this, butchers would add red clothing dye made from coal tar which sometimes had arsenic in it to freshen up the grey and brown color of the meat so that it was more visually presentable to consumers. Finally, stale bread or cookies were added to bind everything together before the meat was sold

Moroccan Slavery

Moroccan-salt.png

Slavery has not been abolished in Morocco and is technically still legal even during the modern day. Many people have parents, or grandparents who were born into slavery and have experienced slavery first hand. An estimated 13,000,000 (13 million) slaves were transported north across the Sahara Desert, a number similar in size to those who forced into slavery during the 18th and 19th century in the U.S.. In Morocco there are entire villages of people who descend from the lineage of slaves who were forced along the salt roads of West Africa

The Effect of Chinese Investment Capital Upon the Vancouver, Canada Housing Market

Vancouver-Canada-housing-market

In 2015, $1,000,000,000,000 ($1 trillion) USD left China which set a new historic record for the amount of currency exported from China within a single year. This dump of currency directly coincided with the July 2015 real estate jump of 30% – 40% of Vancouver, Canada the Greater Vancouver area and the Fraser Valley. Many economists and financial experts working in China have correctly predicted a growing problem in which the financial bubbles that have been created in China have caused investors to become spooked and therefore cash out of these bubbles to put their income into hard assets around the world. This creates a bubble in other markets which are international, which would lead to the plausible conclusion that the Vancouver, Greater Vancouver area, and Fraser Valley real estate markets are now bubbled in that they have taken the place of many Chinese companys valuations and debts (e.g. stocks and bonds) within the Chinese market. It is estimated that 90% of condominium sales in Vancouver are due to speculative buyers who are often offshore and never set foot in the asset they purchase yet they are paying top dollar, making home costs surge ever further for those who actually live and work in said market. Some of this activity is thought to be due to the ability to create offshore tax havens by owning property outside of one’s country of residence. Most of the condominiums built in Vancouver are single bedroom units, which act as safety deposit boxes for investors as families cannot physically fit into such tight quarters and therefore these units are designed so that the only people purchasing them will be investors and single individuals if they can afford it. It has been said that Vancouver is a manufacturing city which manufactures condominiums; the only caveat is that the exports manufactured stay put making future condominiums worth even more as there is less and less space available to build continuously with consistency. The resource of land is finite and unless buyers are willing to move further out from this hotspot economy, they will be forced to rent or live in less than acceptable living conditions, and sometimes both

Art Auction Giant Christie’s

art-auction-Christie's

Creating the illusion of a bid in the room by an auctioneer to ensure a reserve price is met is perfectly legal and is often done so that Christie’s turns a profit because they are solely commission based and without a sale, Christie’s actually loses money when factoring in storage, transport, and the brokering of the piece which involves many people behind the scenes as well as the auctioneer. Antiquities of the art world tend to sell at bargain price points so Christie’s has put much of its resources into living artists whose works sells in the millions of dollars instead of hundreds, thousands, or hundreds of thousands of dollars. Most of these newer works have been created within the past 20 – 30 years and provide commentary upon a specific moment in time often one which the purchaser remembers during their own lifetime (e.g. tank man in Tiananmen Square, China)

The Advent of the Modern Shipping Container 

shipping-container

Shipping containers are referred to as “TEU’s” which is an acronym meaning “twenty foot equivalent unit”. The shipping container was created almost by accident by the American entrepreneur Malcom McLean who wanted to put his trucks onto ships to ship them down the Atlantic coast and avoid traffic. McLean realized that he could fit more trucks if he removed the cab from the container and from this, the modern shipping container was born. Shipping has become so efficient that it costs approximately $300.00 to send 20 tonnes of anything from the United States of America to China or vice versa

The Fallibility of “Made In” Tags On Commercial Products 

made-in-China-label

Tags which display “made in” and then display a country only show the final destination where the product was completed, and does not reflect where the raw materials like cotton came from, where the dyes to color the item came from, or where the embellishments like zippers came from, as it only denotes that the end product was finalized in a specific location

United States of America Military Budget For Oil 

United-States-of-America-Military-Oil

The U.S. government spends $638,000,000,000 ($638 billion) per year on its defense budget, with $507,000,000,000 ($507 billion) of that cost spent upon Persian Gulf operations which situate U.S. military bases next to all major middle eastern oil sources. Ironically, the cost to secure and defend these oil sites is nearly 10x more expensive than the oil itself as the U.S. consumes only $56,000,000,00 ($56 billion) of oil annually. This massive offset cost is deemed necessary by the U.S. government to ensure the security of oil and to maintain its stability, making certain that oil is never again compromised as it was during the 1970’s when the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries decided to cut off the flow of oil imported into the U.S.. The U.S. military occupies these regions on paper to defend democracy, but the truth is that these sites are only occupied to defend against the problem of the consolidation of oil