China’s Desire For Ivory and the Effect Upon African Countries 

Chinese-ivory

China is one of the only countries in which recently acquired ivory can be sold legally, and because it is in such high demand, China’s insatiable thirst for ivory is devastating elephant populations around the world. 80% of the Chinese middle class own one or more pieces of ivory and 84% of those people intend to purchase more in the future. Trade between Africa and China between 2003 and 2013 has jumped from $6,000,000,000 ($6 billion) to over $100,000,000,000 ($100 billion). China has been investing in Africa, building roads and shipping ports as a way to streamline the trading process. Some of the most popular goods traded include turtles which are eaten, shark fins which are also ingested, rhinoceros horn which is ground up and consumed, and elephant ivory which is carved into decorations. 60,000 shipping containers enter Chinese ports each day, with less than 1% being searched, making Chinese ports a smugglers paradise. Only 16% of ivory sold in China is legally traded and can be verified to have been sourced from legally acquired sources. Kenya has achieved success with elephant protection due to private philanthropy which funds the ability to patrol Kenyan parks via helicopter and land vehicles with armed security personnel, trained guards who have been authorized to shoot to kill when poachers have been identified actively poaching or attempting to poach

The Ancient Greek Ruler Draco and the Ancient Greek Reformer Solon 

ancient-Greek-law

Draconian laws which are associated with being especially unfair and cruel stem from the tyrant Draco who commissioned them in 621 B.C.. Draco forced farmers who couldn’t pay their debts into slavery and simple crimes like stealing a cabbage were punishable by death. The wise reformer Solon saved Athens by freeing all indebted slaves, eliminating the death penalty for all but extreme cases, and wrestling the political power out of the hands of noble bloodlines by establishing a council of 400 citizens to run the city, a bold step during its day, to untether governance from inheritance

Inhumane Treatment Towards Minor Immigrants Illegally Entering the United States of America 

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Due to the fact that so many unaccompanied minors have flooded across the U.S. and Mexico border during the past few years, vetting of potential sponsors and/or family members willing to take child and teenage migrants has been drastically relaxed. Initially the federal government decided that the fingerprinting of those vetted would be abolished, however they soon dropped the requirement of the submission of original documents including birth certificates upon applying, and finally, the Federal Bureau of Investigation sanctioned background checks once required were no longer deemed necessary, essentially allowing any predatory figure or group to acquire access to minors of various ages for any number of illicit reasons. Although these minors were exposed to sexual predation and many other forms of inhumane and illegal treatment, most were and continue to be forced into peonage, financial servitude which is equitable to slavery and has been illegal in the U.S. since the abolishment of slavery in 1867. These minors commonly work in unskilled laborer positions in industrialized farming operations found across the U.S.

The Power and Reach of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 

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The Federal Bureau of Investigation has an annual operating budget of $8,000,000,000 ($8 billion), staffing over 13,500 special agents and over 22,000 analysts, scientists, and specialists. The Federal Bureau of Investigation has over 400 locations in the US and dozens of international offices referred to as “legal attaches”. The Federal Bureau of Investigation has hundreds of agents in over 80 countries around the world, truly making it a global law enforcement force. When the Federal Bureau of Investigation infiltrates a vehicle or building, they typically send 10 agents, each with a special task. Someone will disable the alarm, someone will photograph the room effected so nothing is put back out of place even going so far as to place a piece of tape where a chair was or add their own dust they brought along if dust was disturbed during the mission or bringing a small vacuum to clean up any debris caused by drilling into a wall. If the owner of the vehicle or building is on their way and could expose the operation, local police will intercept them by staging a traffic stop for a ticket, staging a traffic accident, or even opening a fire hydrant so nobody can cross through the road. In some instances, agents will enter a building while the target is home. Instances of this have occurred in the past with phone lines purposely being degraded in their call quality so that the owner calls the telecommunications company they are with for an on-site consult. The Federal Bureau of Investigation intercepts this call and places their own person in place of the actual repair person so that a listening device can be installed or any other desired outcome achieved. This method was effective and instrumental in taking down multiple high ranking mafia members including John Gotti

North American Judicial Rape Cases

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In North America, 3 of every 1000 sexual assault accusations result in a conviction, an astounding failure to prosecute threshold of 99.7%. Defence teams often create a plausible scenario in which the accusations against the client could be untrue. If the scenario is false or misleading but still plausible, reasonable doubt has been met and reasonable doubt equates to acquittal. As with any case, the burden of proof lays with the prosecution, and if doubt of any degree can be raised, conviction is nearly impossible if not always impossible

Renaissance Law Regarding Women’s Rights

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During the Renaissance, rape was not recognized in the contextual mindscape that it is today. Rape was seen as a dishonorable stamp upon the family and the families name of the victim. If rape occurred, it was not uncommon for the offender to marry the victim, therefore making the act acceptable within the eyes of the family, the court, and as was thought at the time, in the eyes of God. Rape of a woman who was no longer a virgin was essentially considered not to be a crime, however rape of a woman who was a virgin, was considered to be very serious until sorted out. It was not uncommon for an aggressor to pay a dowry to the victim and her family so that she could marry another man, if the offender had no interest in marrying said victim. Dowries were considered unideal but an acceptable practice during this period. A daughters virginity being intact was viewed as a significant financial gain towards the women’s family as it was customary to receive a sizeable dowry when she became married. A notable historical example of this ideology is directly correlated to the incredibly talented Renaissance painter Artemisia Gentileschi, who was raped by a painter her father Orazio who was also a famous painter, commissioned to teach his daughter the art of sketching using proper perspective and dimension

City States Minting Currency

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Throughout history, city states were permitted the legal status to design and manufacture their own unique currency which inevitably lead to tens of thousands of different designs on both the fronts and backs of coins, throughout the ancient world. Surprisingly this chaotic monetary system was not an issue for commerce as each coin manufactured was approximately the same size and weight with the same amount of silver or gold smelted into it, making trade relatively straightforward as values rarely fluctuated and could be traded at their intended face value regardless of the geographic location they were manufactured in. This system eventually gave way to the modern day system developed during the 18th century in the United States of America which stated that only the government of a nation was legally permitted to mint currency, with the size and metals being utilized deemed irrelevant as the currency depended solely upon how valuable the currency was in comparison to the world market, a counter balance which is heavily influenced by the gross domestic product of both the import and export of every country involved in trade alongside many other smaller yet equally important intrinsic factors (e.g. political climate or instability)