The Ancient Greek Philosopher Thales 

ancient-Greek-philosophers

The Ancient Greek philosopher Thales, considered the world’s first philosopher by Aristotle, used geometry to calculate the distance of ships from the shoreline, the height of the Great Pyramids of Egypt, was the first person to predict a solar eclipse, and posited a cause for earthquakes. Thales perceived that the earth floated upon water like a giant raft which of course was wrong, but his scientific inquiry into the reasons as to why things occur rather than attributing it to the god’s was the first glimmering scintillation of a revolutionary way of thinking. Thales inspired more great minds like Pythagoras who developed the concept that numbers and mathematics could explain the universe, and Hippocrates who developed an ethical code for practicing medicine

William Ockham’s Philosophical Thought Experiment

William of Ockham was an English Franciscan friar, scholastic philosopher, and theologian who posited the question, “is something good because God wills it or does God will something because it is good?”. This essentially translates to “if God is infinite and always good, there cannot be evil in the world, but evil clearly exists, therefore God cannot be infinite and always good, ipso facto, is there really a God?”. William of Ockham is the person behind the theory of simplicity referred to as “Ockham’s razor” most often spelled as “Occam‘s razor”