The History of the British Metropolitan Police Service, the Development of Forensic Crime Scene Analysis, and Criminal Profiling
Anthony Ambrosius Aurelius
“The Metropolitan Police Service, often referred to as the “MET” is one of the oldest detective agencies in the world and is located in London, England.
At its peak during the day, London contains 15,000,000 (15 million) people which leads to 1,000,000 (1 million) crimes occurring annually.
In 1829, the future prime minister Robert Peel passed the Metropolitan Police Act, which was the beginning of the Metropolitan Police Service. Police in England were referred to as “Bobby’s” and “Peeler’s” because of Robert Peel’s name. The reason the Metropolitan Police Service is referred to as “Scotland Yard” during the modern day is because the street name of the original address of the operations headquarters was “Great Scotland Yard SW1”. Despite moving numerous times, the agency has always brought the street name along with them.
During the 1820’s, the police were thought of by the public as spies for those working for the government. Due to the mass tension between authority and the people brought on by the French Revolution only a few short decades before, Peel forbade constables from inquiring into the private affairs of citizens, therefore only being established to prevent crime. This made it illegal for law enforcement to investigate wrong doing during the period. It was believed that the presence of law enforcement would be enough to deter criminal acts.
By 1840, law enforcement started wearing civilian clothing to reassure the public that they were not military spies, carrying just a wooden truncheon and a rattle to raise the alarm for assistance. During this period, the Metropolitan Police Service’s first police commissioners were selected, a joint team consisting of Sir Charles Rowan and Sir Richard Mayne. In the beginning, Rowan and Mayne quietly trained their best constables in secret to investigate crime, technically breaking the law they were sworn to upheld. After successfully solving a high profile murder of an aristocrat in the wealthy Mayfair district of London, Rowan and Mayne were able to shed light onto their clandestine pilot program for the public, and once an attempt had been made upon the life of then Queen Victoria, Rowan and Mayne gained full support of the people to investigate”