The Hundred Years War: England vs. France in Warfare, Technology, and Wealth
Anthony Ambrosius Aurelius
“King Henry V of England was the first king to micromanage a royal military, contracting each soldier individually which numbered approximately 10,000 participants. Henry V was the son of a usurper as his father King Henry IV of England had murdered his way to the top during his quest to seize the English crown. When Henry V took the English crown in 1413, he was required to prove his right to be king which he did at the Battle of Agincourt. Upon his victory return to London, England from the battle, a procession of pomp and circumstance was awarded to him, with the water conduits being filled with wine, hailed as one of the greatest pageants in Medieval history.
Henry V invaded France on the beaches of Normandy just as his great grandfather King Edward III had done 70 years previously. Unlike his grandfather however, Henry V did not pillage and burn the cities, instead he conquered them. The onslaught began in the city of Caen (pronounced “con”). Caen was well fortified but Henry V exploited its two tall abbeys outside the city walls. The towers of the abbeys where much higher than the city walls and by seizing these, Henry V could fire down toward the city from a high up vantage point.
Henry V secured his followers loyalty by giving them land and places to sell goods so that businesses would flourish across the English and French channel; a long term investment because Henry V could not stay in all places at once thus his proxies could act as his eyes and ears.
In England, kings were held to account for their actions but in France, the sanctity of kingship had never been challenged. King Charles VI is an example of this as he was clinically mentally ill by modern day standards. Charles VI spent long periods believing he was made of glass and wore special clothing to fortify himself, allowing nobody to touch him. His 38 year reign caused France to plunge into civil war between his supporters, and the supporters of the Duke of Burgundy, John the Fearless who was incredibly wealthy and the most powerful person in France.
John the Fearless had control of Paris, France and with that the treasury, which he frequently plundered to promote his own political ambitions. John was pro-English because his province of”