The Reason Why Underground Caves Naturally Form

cave

Cave systems form when acidic water etches its way through rock. Rainwater becomes acidic as it takes in carbon dioxide and groundwater can become acidic due to the acids found in nearby soil. Water causes existing cracks within the rock to widen into passages which the water flows through to create even wider channels. Over time caverns begin to form as the rock weakens and falls

The Ancient City of Cappadocia in Modern Day Derinkuyu, Turkey

cappadocia-turkey

The underground cave site of Derinkuyu, Turkey, commonly referred to as “Cappadocia”, is an underground network of caves and tunnels which date back to the prehistoric era, as evidence of stone tools have been uncovered at the site. Experts believe that 20,000 – 60,000 people inhabited the Cappadocian caves with indication of air vents and water wells making it theoretically possible to live underground for extended periods of time, spanning years even. Stone wheels made of volcanic basalt were fashioned to create what’s referred to as “self sealing doors”. The rocks would be rolled in front of a pathway making entry impossible for invaders due to the inability to gain leverage. The only possibility of entry would be to cut through this wheel, often up to 1’ thick in width, which would waste valuable time giving those upon the other side time to prepare a counter attack

The Nest of the Edible-Nest Swiflet and its High Economic Value

swiftlet-birds-nest

Birds nests made by edible-nest swiftlets using solidified saliva is highly prized all throughout Asia with a single kilogram selling for over $2000.00. Edible-nest swiftlet nests are believed by those who subscribe to the practice of eastern, more specifically Chinese medicine, to boost the immune system, improve skin complexion, and to fight signs of aging, however none of these claims have been backed up with scientific evidence. Edible-nest swiftlets prefer to create their nests in dark caves, so aside from farming them in specialized dark rooms, acquiring them in nature is incredibly dangerous as steep and sheer cliffs must be scaled to reach the nests which are precariously high above ground level. It takes edible-nest swiftlets 40 days to make a single nest and nests can only be produced during the breeding season which is when the edible-nest swiftlets salivary glands engorge

The Origin of Kung Fu

Bodhidharma-Kung-Fu

The origin of Kung Fu started with Bodhidharma (pronounced “bo-dee-dar-ma”), an Indian monk who arrived in Shaolin, China during the 5th century. Bodhidharma meditated for 9 years in a cave at the top of Mount Songshan, next to the Shaolin monk monastery. After becoming enlightened, Bodhidharma descended back down to the monastery to teach his fellow monks what he had learned and encouraged physical activity through calisthenics as a way of training the body and mind. It is a 5 kilometer trek of stairs from the bottom to the top of Mount Songshan and Shaolin monks use this staircase as part of their physical and mental training, going up and down the stairs in various movements (e.g. walking, crouching, laying down etc.)