George R. R. Martin’s Inspiration for Game of Thrones


George R. R. Martin raised small pet turtles as a child, but the turtles had a habit of habitually dying every few months. Puzzled by this, Martin developed the fantasy that perhaps these turtles were killing each other in a bid for the Turtle Throne to be the one true pet of Martin in Turtle Castle


Ancient Druid Power and Influence Upon Society


The Ancient Druids had tools used for predicting the future with one example being the divination spoons, a small set of golden leaf shaped items which were concave with a small hole upon one of the leaflets. Blood would be blown into this hole using a small tube and the breath of a Druid so that its final patterns could be used to predict the outcome of certain events. This is important because these interpretations were completely subjective (e.g. if a Druid wanted to go to war, many people could potentially die dependent upon how they read these natural signs as prophecies). Manipulation of these results and their prophetic message would be undetectable by common people as only the Druids knew how to read the signs which they were looking for. This opens the door for corruption and/or the tampering of results and their message. The Druids remained so powerful that even Celtic monarchs revered and respected their authority. Despite this enormous influence, apart from divination spoons, definitive and conclusive evidence of Druid prophetic tools have never been found

Statistical Disadvantages and Advantages for Craps


When playing craps, a bet on the field is one of the worst bets a player can make because there are a vast amount of numbers listed upon the field area but only 16 combinations available for the die rolled to conform to what is needed. There are 20 combinations to roll the remaining numbers 5, 6, 7, or 8. A field bet wagers that any one of a handful of numbers are going to be rolled, but those numbers are the most difficult to roll when accounting for the numbers provided via the die. Only 1 combination will provide a 2 or a 3 to be rolled, 2 combinations provide a 4 to be rolled, 2 combinations provide a 9 to be rolled, 2 combinations provide a 10 to be rolled, and 1 combination for an 11 or 12 to be rolled. There are 3 different combinations to roll a 6 or a 7, therefore a player is more likely to end up with those numbers more often. A field bet provides the casino with a 5.5% advantage which is why it should never be chosen

The Average Lifespan of a British Employee for the East India Company 


Death was quite common among the British stationed in India, with 33% of the entire British workforce dying in a single year due to the rainy season set by the monsoon. The average lifespan of a British worker in India was said to be just two monsoons, and the East India Company regularly had shipments of blank tombstones shipped from England just to keep up with the number of dying workers each month. The East India Company tried to help decrease these numbers by shipping vast quantities of spirits and wine, in the hopes that it would help increase the overall health of the workforce but unfortunately it did not do much good