The Advent of Colorism During Slavery in the U.S.


During the period of slavery in the U.S., slave owners would segregate their slaves into separate groups consisting of dark skin slaves and light skin slaves. Darker skinned slaves would be forced to work in the fields whilst lighter skinned slaves would be required to work within the home. Racism which involves discrimination based upon the shade or hue of skin tone is referred to as “colorism” and is often perpetrated by people of the same race, but with different completions. Colorism often occurred throughout the U.S.’ long and complicated history with slavery, and continues to occur within modern day families as well, as many American. families have different skin tones among the various children born into it because of different genetic variations in both parents genealogical history

Statistical Disadvantages and Advantages for Craps


When playing craps, a bet on the field is one of the worst bets a player can make because there are a vast amount of numbers listed upon the field area but only 16 combinations available for the die rolled to conform to what is needed. There are 20 combinations to roll the remaining numbers 5, 6, 7, or 8. A field bet wagers that any one of a handful of numbers are going to be rolled, but those numbers are the most difficult to roll when accounting for the numbers provided via the die. Only 1 combination will provide a 2 or a 3 to be rolled, 2 combinations provide a 4 to be rolled, 2 combinations provide a 9 to be rolled, 2 combinations provide a 10 to be rolled, and 1 combination for an 11 or 12 to be rolled. There are 3 different combinations to roll a 6 or a 7, therefore a player is more likely to end up with those numbers more often. A field bet provides the casino with a 5.5% advantage which is why it should never be chosen