The Ancient History of Damascus Steel

Damascus-steel-swordDamascus, Syria, the birthplace of Damascus steel was prized in the ancient world for its durability but unbeknownst to the craftspeople who forged Damascus steel, the region from which the iron ore was taken had naturally occurring nickel which meant that Damascus metalsmiths had composite steel 3000 years before the rest of the world as the idea to mix different kinds of metals had not yet been invented. Damascus steel was shatter resistant and could be sharpened to become sharper than any other type of steel. Having first encountered it during the Crusades of the 11th century, European forgers attempted for centuries to recreate what their Middle Eastern counterparts had already perfected

Early Glass Manufacturing


India has been making glass for over 3000 years. Pliny the Elder who was an ancient Roman historian, states that the first glass was created near Syria around 5000 B.C. While this may be true, the earliest archaeological evidence of human made glass dates back to around 3500 B.C. in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt