Chinese Silk


Historically recorded Chinese accounts by monastic Chinese scholars state that a handful of monks sent to China by the Roman emperor Justinian, smuggled silkworms out of China within the hollowed out shoots of bamboo canes and brought this cargo to Constantinople which is modern day Istanbul, Turkey so that the silk textile trade could be exported from China for the first time in recorded history. For over 2000 years Constantinople was considered the crossroads of the world, the nexus at which the west and east converged. Silk soon took off as one of the most in demand and profitable industries within Istanbul’s long and fascinating history. It should be noted that these accounts are thought by many scholars to be a work of fiction

Early Glass Manufacturing


India has been making glass for over 3000 years. Pliny the Elder who was an ancient Roman historian, states that the first glass was created near Syria around 5000 B.C. While this may be true, the earliest archaeological evidence of human made glass dates back to around 3500 B.C. in Eastern Mesopotamia and Egypt